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Comparison Between Windows Server 2019 and Windows Server 2022 Standard: Choosing the Right Version

Windows Server has long been a benchmark for reliability and functionality among server operating systems. Microsoft regularly releases updates to this platform, incorporating new technologies and capabilities. In 2021, the latest version, Windows Server 2022, was introduced. This comprehensive update affects many components of the OS.

Let’s find out the differences between Windows Server 2022 Standard and the previous version, 2019 — examining their advantages and disadvantages, and determining which is better suited for you.

Overview of the Windows Server 2019 Standard

This version, released by Microsoft in October 2018, is one of the most popular and stable versions recently. Windows Server 2019 brought numerous optimizations to the core OS performance, network subsystems, and virtualization features.

Windows Server 2019 is available in three main editions:

     Standard: Designed for small environments and offices. Supports up to two virtual machines.

     Datacenter: Tailored for high-traffic servers and virtualization platforms. Supports an unlimited number of virtual machines.

     Essentials: Geared towards small businesses with simplified feature sets.

Let’s delve deeper into the Windows Server 2019 Standard Edition. It is the optimal choice for small enterprises that need a reliable and high-performance server within a limited licensing budget.

Key features of Windows Server 2019 Standard include:

     Support for up to two virtual machines without additional licenses (Hyper-V).

     It can be installed on both physical servers and as a virtual machine.

     A wide range of roles: domain controller, file server, web server, SQL Server, etc.

     Built-in backup and disaster recovery tools.

     Flexible options for ensuring fault tolerance.

     Advanced protection against cyber threats.

     Integration support with Azure cloud services.

     Modern management and monitoring interface.

In short, this version provides an optimal combination of functionality, reliability, and cost-effectiveness for small infrastructures.

What’s New in Windows Server 2022

The next major version of Windows Server was released three years later, in September 2021. Developers implemented numerous features aimed at meeting the needs of the modern digital world. Let’s examine the key updates.

Enhanced Security

Windows Server 2022 introduces a comprehensive set of measures to protect against cyberattacks, encompassing both hardware and software technologies. Notable features include:

     Support for trusted environments at the microcode and firmware levels (Secured-core).

     Antivirus protection based on Microsoft Defender technologies.

     Enhanced component isolation through virtualization.

     Data encryption using modern standards.

     Monitoring and auditing of critical system components.

These measures ensure robust protection against sophisticated attacks, malware infiltration, and data breaches.

Cloud Integration

Another key update in Windows Server 2022 is expanded hybrid capabilities. Support for Azure Arc allows unified management of servers on both the perimeter and in the Azure cloud. New automation, backup, and monitoring features facilitate a smooth transition of infrastructure to the cloud.

Containerization

The capabilities of container-based virtualization have significantly expanded. Windows Server 2022 optimized support for Kubernetes and Docker, resulting in faster container launches and reduced resource consumption. This opens new horizons for creating flexible, highly scalable applications.

Comparison of Versions Based on Key Parameters

Let’s take a closer look at the differences between Windows Server 2019 Standard and Windows Server 2022 Standard to understand which one is better suited for your specific case.

Performance

The new version of Windows Server is noticeably faster and more efficient than the previous one, thanks to numerous optimizations in the core OS and basic subsystems. According to tests, with identical hardware, Windows Server 2022 outperforms the 2019 version in terms of boot speed and performance of typical tasks by 15–20%. This is a significant advantage under otherwise equal conditions.

Support for New Technologies

In terms of supporting modern technologies, Windows Server 2022 clearly excels. Compared to the older 2019 version, it implements advanced hybrid capabilities, integration with Microsoft Azure, and other cloud platforms, application containerization features, and much more. So, in terms of embracing the latest trends, Windows Server 2022 is much more appealing than its predecessor.

Target Audience for Each Version

Having explored the main differences between Windows Server 2019 Standard and Windows Server 2022 Standard, it’s evident that each has its strengths. Let’s now determine which scenarios each version is better suited for.

Windows Server 2019 Standard

This proven, stable OS remains well-suited for the following scenarios:

     Small IT infrastructures.

     Limited budget for acquisition and operation.

     There is no need for cutting-edge technologies like containerization.

     Maximum reliability and predictable operation are required.

     Support for legacy and old applications is needed.

If the current functionality meets your requirements and, most importantly, you prioritize reliability, stability, compatibility, and operating within budget constraints, choosing Windows Server 2019 Standard makes sense.

Windows Server 2022 Standard

Consider the latest version in the following situations:

     Planning to expand server infrastructure and virtualization.

     Require integration with one of the cloud platforms.

     Require flexible application containerization.

     Maximum performance is crucial.

If your goal is to build a high-performance infrastructure for resource-intensive applications, picking Windows Server 2022 is sensible. Thanks to optimizations in the core OS, network stack, and I/O subsystems, this version operates faster than its predecessor under otherwise equal conditions.

Conclusions

In conclusion, Windows Server 2022 represents a quality leap forward compared to the 2019 version, offering expanded functionality, better performance, and enhanced security. However, if the main priorities are reliability, stability, compatibility, and budget limitations, opting for the 2019 version is justified.